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Fluency is known as the flow of speech. When there are breaks in speech, more than the average expected, this is known as stuttering. Stuttering is characterised by:

  • Repetitions of sounds, syllables or words, for example, “a-a-apple,” “ap-ap-apple,” or “apple apple apple”
  • Prolongation of sounds, for example, “aaaaapple” or “I waaaaant an apple”
  • Inability to produce a sound at all during a short period of silence during speech, also known as blocking

What other things should I look out for in my child’s fluency?

  • Additional body movements when stuttering, such as frequent blinking and movement of the head
  • Worried or frustrated facial expressions
  • Avoidance of some sounds, words or situations, such as group settings